Shotokan Karate - Terminology

These pages provide information that will be useful for any student trying to grasp the Japanese terminology of Karate. The pages have been divided into separate topics to make navigation of these pages easier.

Click on the relevant topic to view the Japanese and English translation.


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[ STANCES ]


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STANCES

FUDO DACHI Rooted Stance. Now also referred to as SOCHIN DACHI but they are two separate stances.
GANKAKU DACHI Crane Stance, as used in the kata GANKAKU.
HACHIJI DACHI Open Leg Stance. The feet are positioned about one shoulder width apart and pointed outwards at 45 degrees. It actually translates to 'Figure Eight Stance' and the true full name for this stance should be 'Soto Hachiji Dachi', and when the feet are angled in at 45 degrees the name is 'Uchi Hachiji Dachi'.
HANGETSU DACHI Half-Moon Stance.
HEIKO DACHI Parallel stance.
HEISOKU DACHI An informal attention stance.
KIBA DACHI Straddle Stance. Also known as HORSE RIDING STANCE.
KOKUTSU DACHI Back Stance.
KOSA DACHI Cross Stance or as it is more commonly called Crossed-feet Stance.
MUSUBI DACHI Informal attention stance, Heels placed together but with each foot turned out at 45 degrees.
NAIHANCHI DACHI Kiba Dachi, but with the feet turned in. Funakoshi changed the name Naihanchi to Tekki.
NANAME SHIKO DACHI Diagonal Straddle Leg Stance.
NEKO-ASHI DACHI Cats Foot Stance.
RENOJI DACHI L Stance.
SAGI ASHI DACHI Heron Leg Stance.
SANCHIN DACHI Hour-glass Stance.
SHIKO DACHI Square Stance, or Four Thigh Stance also sometimes called SUMO STANCE.
SHIZEN DACHI Natural Stance.
SOCHIN DACHI Diagonal Straddle Leg stance. Immovable Stance. Also now referred to as FUDO DACHI but they are two different stances. In Fudo Dachi the weight is further forwards.
TACHI Standing or Stance. To stand up would be Tachiagaru. In some older works you may also see Zenkutsu Tachi etc. instead of Dachi.
TEIJI DACHI A Stance with the feet in a 'T-shape'.
TSURU ASHI DACHI Crane Leg Stance.
UCHI-HACHIJI DACHI Inverted open leg stance, or Inverted Figure Eight Stance. The feet are shoulder width apart but with the feet facing inwards.
ZENKUTSU DACHI Forward Stance. The actual translation means Front Knee Bent Stance.
 

[ BLOCKS ]


[ PUNCHES ]


[ KICKS ]


[ STANCES ]


[ STRIKES ]

 
If you have any questions please call:
Sensei Peter Calver
Chief Instructor
Tel: 07801 088188
sensei@ceska.co.uk



copyright: CESKA 2012
 

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